11 June 2014

Italian fascists from Millennium ally with pro-Russian right-wing extremists

German version of this post can be found here: "Italienische Faschisten von Millennium verbünden sich mit pro-russischen Rechtsextremisten"

Following the visit of Polish fascists to Eastern Ukraine, in support of pro-Russian right-wing extremists of the "Donetsk People's Republic", now Italian fascists from the Millennium organisation pledge allegiance to anti-Ukrainian terrorists.

According to Pavel Gubarev, one of the leaders of pro-Russian extremists and former member of the neo-Nazi Russian National Unity, "anti-fascists" from the Italian Millennium organisation have come to Donetsk and will join the "military forces" of the "Donetsk People's Republic" under the leadership of Igor Strelkov.

Orazio Maria Gnerre (far left) and Pavel Gubarev (far right), Donetsk, June 2014
Pavel Gubarev (centre) and Orazio Maria Gnerre (far right), Donetsk, June 2014

Orazio Maria Gnerre (centre) and Denis Pushilin, the self-declared Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the "Donetsk People's Republic", Donetsk, June 2014

In terms of ideology, the Millennium organisation is the opposite of anti-fascism. Its ideology is close to neo-Eurasianism of Russian fascist Aleksandr Dugin with whom Millennium has been actively cooperating already for a few years.

Millennium's chief ideologue is Andrea Virga, born in 1987 in Casale Monferrato and currently a PhD student at the IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca (Italy). His thesis is on Falangism in Cuba.

Andrea Virga complains about Italian anti-fascists who disrupted a Millennium conference at the Polytechnic University of Milan in January 2014
Millennium's formal leader is Orazio Maria Gnerre, who is also an editor of Millennium's journal Nomos - Bollettino di studi e analisi. Apart from being a fascist, Gnerre likes to get photographed with big cannons, as if compensating for something.

Orazio Maria Gnerre and two cannons

Orazio Maria Gnerre and a tank
Orazio Maria Gnerre caressing a big cannon
In summer 2013, Gnerre took part in the international conference "Russia and Europe: Dialogue of Resistance" that was attended, in particular, by the following far right activists: Felix Aleman, Natella Speranskaya, Adriana Ratmiskaya, Anton Zankovsky, Manuel Ochsenreiter, Alexander Dugin, Tim Kirby, and some others. The videos from the conference can be found here and here.

Millennium has been cooperating with Dugin at least since 2012, when they met at a conference in Brazil, but more research should be done on Millennium's first contacts with Russian fascists.

(from left to right) Orazio Maria Gnerre, Emmanuel Riondino, Mateus Azevedo, Aleksandr Dugin and André Martin, Federal University of Paraíba, September 2012


  1. Thanks for this post. Russian press said that Millennium was anti-fascist. Pure doublethink. But European left-wing seems to believe everything it reads on Russian press. Yesterday a lot of anti-fascist pages welcomed the presence of Milllennium in Donetsk, without making any verification.

    1. The majority of European leftists are "useful idiots". This was the case during the Cold War, this is the case now. Nothing changes. The intellectual laziness of some anti-fascists is obviously deplorable.

    2. official page of Millennium organisation: https://www.facebook.com/millennivm
      Anton how you explain it?

  2. here in italy red-brown «communitarists» (or, as they call themselves, «national left») are proPutin, but Third Positionists (Adinolfi, CasaPound ecc.) are proUkraine. someone is also enrolled in Azov btl.
    anyway Millennium has denied military involvement in Donbass. they say it was just a delegation of two persons in solidarity visit.

    1. What about Roberto Fiore? Forza Nuova is pro-Putin and pro-Russia but in the first moments Fiore showed some support to Ukraininian nationalists. What is the situation right now? And what about the rests of MSI-AN?

    2. Roberto Fiore seems to be pro-Putin, but he did support the Ukrainian far right during the revolution.

    3. yes, Forza Nuova is ultracatholic and so is quite attracted by Galician Uniatist nationalism, but is also against Nato and Ue and is fascinated by Putin's strongman image. Metapedia put it among the pro-Ukraine nationalist parties ( http://en.metapedia.org/wiki/European_nationalist_parties_by_the_stance_on_Russian_intervention_in_Ukraine ) but the reality is that Fiore has chosen to not choose (in Italy we call that kind of position «cerchiobottismo).
      As for the remnants of AN (that were englobed by Berlusconi's Partito della Libertà) the most important party is Fratelli d'Italia (3,5% at the last Eu. elections): on Ukraine question they follow the political mainstream, which is filo-Atlantic and so - mildly - pro-Ukraine. The biggest party which stands for Russia is the Lega Nord - it's not a fascist party, but a quite racist one (the best ideological definition, I think, is right populism-regionalism), and has always opposed Ue (the leghisti also sent one observer to the Crimean referendum).

    4. Thank you for the useful info!

    5. Thank you for your informative blog.
      Apart from your main topic - the radical right fringes - I'd be very interested in your broader opinion on current Ukrainian situation. The facts that you are from Sebastopol, that you have what it seems a Russian surname (anyway, it doesn't end in -chuk or -enko) and that you're allergic to ethno-nationalism are all added values. It's evident that there there is a political-cultural divide between Western-Central and South-Eastern Ukraine. The leadership emerged in Luhansk and Donetsk self-proclaimed Republics (Ponzi scheme propagandists, extreme right political advisers, monarchist re-enactors from Russian secret services) is quite disgusting, but honestly I can understand the fears of South-Easterners. Seen from far away, it seems that, without a Russian intervention, Ukraine is going to win this war, but only to find itself in a Northern-Ireland situation. Some kind of federalization and geopolitical neutrality could be, in my opinion, good compromises to solve this crisis (I think that Tihipko sustained something similar during the presidential campaign), but when I tried to expose my point of view on the comment section of «The Kyiv Post» i was submerged by insults (the most common: «Uncle Vova mercenary», «Putin/Russian bot/troll»).
      Keep up your good work.

    6. [When I wrote that «I can understand the fears» it wasn't just arrogance. In fact, even if I am now an Italian citizen, I was born and passed the first thirteen years of my life in a country that doesn't exist anymore - the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Even the distant historical roots of the crisis are in some way similar, with a part of the country which is catholic, was part of the good ol' Austro-Hungarian empire and feels (mittel)european, and another part orthodox and more, how can I say, «asiatic». Personally i wasn't involved in the ethnic hate (my relatives were among the very rare Italians intelligencija families from Istria that choose to fight against fascism and with the communist partizani; most of the Italians escaped from Istria after WW2, my family escaped after the disintegration of their dream of social justice) but I've seen how the fire can propagate, like a spark in the steppe. I've already read that Jugoslavija and Ukraine are fictitious states, but the fact is that all the states are more or less fictitious (even Italy after the unification fought a 30 years hidden war against its South; it was called «guerra al brigantaggio», that is «war against the brigands»): the problem is to find a way of civil cohabitation. I hope for Ukraine every good, but I'm quite pessimist: the worst thing, I think, are the geopolitical games played over its head - and honestly I don't believe that Russia is the only external actor to blame in this situation]

    7. Federalization is just a Russian trick to weaken, further destabilise and undermine Ukraine. Proponents of the federalization rarely understand what it actually is. (And the Russian Federation is actually not a federation, but a unitary state.) I'd rather talk about the decentralization of the state, in terms of giving more power - first of all, economically - to the regions. Ukraine can't be geopolitically neutral because its northern neighbour is an aggressive empire. Had Ukraine been located in the centre of Europe - like Austria or Switzerland - then certain neutrality would have been possible. Ukraine's Western path is the only relevant way, especially in economic terms, because for Ukraine, being a European country, Westernisation equals modernisation. The second option is to be a Russian vassal. And there is no third option. And, yes, I'm from Sevastopol, I'm ethnic Russian and Russian-speaking.

  3. The irony here is that they are Pan-European.

  4. They also seem to support both Hezbollah and the Phalange at once. Can't make this stuff up.

  5. in Italy some post- (and not so post-) fascists like to disguise themselves under «communitarist» vests, anyway it's quite simple to spot who they really are, even if they like to adorn their sites with red stars, hammers and sickles and so on. real communists try to do some kind of class analyses, because class conflict is their main interest; eurasian communitarists are only interested in geopolitics and love every state which exposes some kind of antiamerican positions - from Cuba and Venezuela, to Belarus, Syria, Northern Korea and Russia.

  6. "eurasian communitarists are only interested in geopolitics and love every state which exposes some kind of antiamerican positions - from Cuba and Venezuela, to Belarus, Syria, Northern Korea and Russia."

    I forgot Marxist China in the sequent post. Marxist China is the Vatican freezer to keep 1,5 billions of souls ready to be Catholicized. In 2008 I discovered important talks in Vatican with China. The news was not telling the object of the talks. I only know that after China delegates' departure the media immediately started to expose the Tibetan uprising. Anyway the XXI century will be the Century of the definitive Catholicization of Eurasia:



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